Researches

 

Given the interdisciplinary nature of colonial studies, PEI has created lines of research capable of articulating efforts in this direction. Each line has a director responsible for the multiple activities and projects related to it.

Ceres indiana

Director: Elio Vélez (Universidad del Pacífico)

The project Ceres Indiana will study the phenomenon of agroindustries developed during the XVI and XVII centuries in the Virreinato del Perú (Viceroyalty of Peru). Starting from its own name, it seeks to explore the huge Hispanic dimension in the American world: the graeco-latin agriculture goddess is conceived with Indian clothes, just in order to review the studies about the agriculture production in the so called “trilogía mediterránea” (Mediterranean trilogy): grapes, olive and wheat. The main objectives of this project are described next:

Activities

  • Detailed study of the industrial farming imports, its expansion through the viceroyal authority as well as their development and improvement. This item covers the American proper dimension of the empire, considering that the news about arrival of products will be collected through all the territory.
  • Review of the complex trade networks concentrated from the Virreinato del Perú (Viceroyalty of Peru) to its provinces and cities. In this crucial point the study of the Empire administrative texts and the review of the notarial documents of various nature about contracts, purchases and sales of its main provinces. Delimitation of the main agroindustries, from the first stage of adaptation of the crops to the evolution of an integrated production. The main crops studied will be: olive, grapes and wheat.
  • Entrepreuneurs of the Viceroyalty. Likewise portraits of the main agents of the production of these crops will be drawn. Both republics, the Spanish and the Indian, will be examined in order to determine the weight that certain individuals had in the creation of this booming agroindustry.
  • Edition of primary documents. Given that this item has been scarcely studied during the colonial period, it is importantto edit the manuscripts and printed documents related with the life of its principal agents as well as with the product trade itself in its different phases of production.

Viceroyal Science and Technology

Director: Luciano Stucchi (Universidad del Pacífico)

From the technological and biological transfer of the first moment of the conquest until the dissemination of the ideas of the scientific revolution of XVI and XVII centuries, it exists a huge territory to discover. This line directed by the physicist Luciano Stucchi promotes research about the edition of scientific treaties as well as studies about the dissemination of ideas and technology of the American viceroyal domains.

Clío indiana

Director: Javier Flores (Universidad del Pacífico)

Clío indiana is the research line devoted to the study and edition of the chronicles, considering both the Indian primogenial chronicle as well as those that belong to the colonial consolidation, related to the American viceroyalties. In addition to the chronicles’ text fixation, the various studies about multiplicity of topics studies, will be taken for consideration.

Activities

  • Edition of the chronicles that lack of an appropriate critical instrument for the better comprehension and inquiry for information.
  • Digitalization of manuscripts and printed supports of the chronicles.

Un cronista entre dos mundos.  Fray Agustín de la Madre de Dios y la historia del Carmelo Mexicano.

Investigador: Gonzalo Tlacxani Segura (Facultad de Filosofía y Letras, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad de México)

Se busca reconstruir el proceso de investigación documental realizado por Fr. Agustín de la Madre de Dios, único cronista de la Provincia de San Alberto de Carmelitas Descalzos de Nueva España, para elaborar su historia provincial titulada Tesoro Escondido en el Monte Carmelo Mexicano… entre 1646 y 1662. A partir del descubrimiento y análisis del archivo personal del cronista, se buscará aportar información complementaria –que no fue colocada en la versión final de la crónica– sobre el impacto cultural que dejó al interior de la sociedad novohispana mediante el establecimiento de ciertas prácticas y devociones.

Actividades

  • Edición crítica y anotada de la crónica carmelitana Tesoro Escondido en el Monte Carmelo Mexicano. Mina rica de ejemplos y virtudes en la historia de los carmelitas descalzos de la provincia de la Nueva España.
  • Estudio crítico y rescate de los Apuntamientos sobre la historia general del Carmen (1647-1648) de Fr. Agustín de la Madre de Dios.

Colonial epics

Director: Paul Firbas (Stony Brook University)

The epic poetry has accomplished a very important role on the symbolic foundation of the American space. Its hybrid nature lets different text traditions to dialogue among its verses: chronicles, hagiography, geography, chorography, between others. The edition and comment of the epic poems is complemented with various catalogue and diverse tools that will facilitate its query and study.

Women Writers of the New World

Directora: Martina Vinatea (Universidad del Pacífico)

Las mujeres fueron activas productoras de saber en los virreinatos americanos y el PEI tiene el firme propósito de estudiar y difundir sus escritos. La vasta producción manuscrita conventual será especialmente abordada por nuestros especialistas, así como la creación de biografías de las escritoras y catálogos de sus obras.

Actividades

  • Congreso por los 400 años de la Epístola de Amarilis a Belardo (14 de octubre de 2015)

400_a_os_ep_stola_de_amarilis_a_belardoSELLO

Consulte el programa aquí.

Escritoras y escritos sobre mujeres en la Nueva España / Women writers and texts about women in Nueva España

Researcher: Robin Ann Rice Carlssohn (Universidad Popular Autónoma de Puebla)

This project, in cooperation with the Facultad de Filosofía y Humanidades of the Universidad Popular Autónoma de Puebla, prepares critical editions of biographical letters, hagiographies and different texts about Novohispanic women (i.e. of the Viceroyalty of Mexico) in the XVII to XVIII centuries.

Papeles desde el claustro: escritos de monjas novohispanas / Papers from the cloister: texts of Novohispanic conventual women

Researcher: Alejandro Hernández García (Universidad Iberoamericana, Ciudad de México)

It promotes the gathering and analysis from different disciplinary perspectives of texts written by women who lived in convents, sanctorum, schools and jails, in the Viceroyalty of New Spain in the XVII, XVIII and XIX centuries. This project has also the support of the Seminar “Vida Conventual Femenina Novohispana” from the “Centro de Estudios de Historia de México, Grupo CARSO, and the Art Department of the Universidad iberoamaricana, Ciudad de México.

Fiesta y Arte efímero en el Nuevo Mundo

Director: Arnulfo Herrera (Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México)

Investigadores: Arnulfo Herrera y Citlalli Luna (Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México)

Se estudian los momentos históricos, políticos, artísticos y las expresiones de poder que se vieron reflejados en los relatos de las juras reales, los arcos triunfales y las piras funerarias. El análisis de los textos y la reconstrucción de los períodos históricos permiten valorar las circunstancias de las colonias americanas.

Actividades

  • Catalogación de los festejos y conmemoraciones que se celebraron en el Nuevo Mundo
  • Rescate y Edición crítica de textos festivos en el Nuevo Mundo

Indiana Philology

Directors: Ignacio Arellano (Universidad de Navarra and José Antonio Rodríguez (Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú)

The study of colonial texts, whose diversity assembles interdisciplinary teams, requires a special care for its fixation and subsequent interpretation. Philologists with experience in Golden Age and colonial texts integrate this group intended to think on the methodology, establishing the best criteria for the edition of these texts and the training of professionals in these areas.

Activities

  • Congreso Internacional Hacia la recuperación del cuerpo textual americano (13 de agosto de 2015)

Afiche Hacia la recuperación del cuerpo textual americano

Consulte el programa en el siguiente adjunto: Congreso-Hacia-la-recuperación-del-cuerpo-textual-americano-FINAL

Lenguas y prácticas lingüísticas del Nuevo Mundo

Directora: Munia Cabal Jiménez (Western Illinois University)

Investigadoras: Munia Cabal Jiménez (Western Illinois University) y María Gracia Madalengoitia Barúa (Universidad del Pacífico)

El encuentro de lenguas que se produce a partir del siglo XVI en América da paso a una serie de procesos y fenómenos que retratan muy bien la vitalidad lingüística de las comunidades de habla participantes que dan cuenta de la riqueza verbal del mundo indiano. La vida misma de una sociedad, en todos sus ámbitos (cultural, científico, político, educativo), se refleja en el lenguaje y el flujo social de los grupos humanos se ve representado en él.  Esta línea de investigación se abocará a la tarea de elaborar el primer mapa lingüístico histórico tanto de las lenguas amerindias así como de las variedades neolatinas empleadas antes y  después de los procesos de independencia.

Actividades

  • Identificar las lenguas habladas en los distintos virreinatos
  • Determinar el estado y perfil de las lenguas empleadas en la geografía indiana
  • Elaborar mapas lingüísticos digitales que reflejen la distribución geográfica de las lenguas tanto amerindias como neolatinas

Colonial Misticism

Director: Juan Manuel Gauger (Universidad del Pacífico)

The text and iconographic study of the mistic dimention of the American religious people will be approach by different specialists. The edition of texts as well as the creation of iconographic repertories are its main objectives.

Activities

  • Edition of the emblem book Rosa limensis seu symbola (1711)

Theatre in the New World

The theatre in the New World represents a scenery in which are shown both the official vision of the theological and political ceremonies of the Empire of the Austrias as well as the more creative expressions in the American idiosyncrasy. This line of research receives projects devoted to explore the wonderful diversity of colonial plays from the XVII to XVIII century.

Vigencia de la fiesta teatral de moros y cristianos en zonas rurales del Perú / Relevancy of the Fiesta de Moros y Cristianos in rural zones of Peru

Director / Researcher: Milena Cáceres (Instituto Riva-Agüero)

Lope de Guevara, Vélez de Guevara and Nicolás de Piamonte are names that are still mentioned in some villages of America. The dramas of the moors and the christians represented in all Latin America keep the Golden Age texts of these classical authors alive. This research line, openly interdisciplinary, seeks to safeguard through different supports (text, video, audio) the festive heritage of these Golden Age dramas introduced within the national holidays of the Andean villages.

Activities

  • Study of Golden age dramatizations in rural areas of Lima (province of Canta)

Teatro breve indiano / Brief Indian Theatre

Researcher: Leonardo Sancho (Universidad de Costa Rica)

During colonial times in the viceroyalties some pieces of theatre called “Teatro Breve” (short plays) were written and represented. They did not get the extension of a Golden age comedy, so they were commonly names “entremeses (interludes, dances, parties, among others. There is a quantity of these various works that should be taken into account by the researchers of the theatre of the Golden age in its Indian versions considering their contexts, linguistic and literary elements. This line of research pursues to recollect these pieces and make critical editions that will give them back the importance and actuality they once had.

Activities

  • Critical edition of pieces of ‘teatro breve’ written and represented during the vyceroyalties. We will start by the critical edition of three pieces of ‘teatro breve’ written by Joaquín de Oreamuno y Muñoz de la Trinidad, represented in the province of Costa Rica, that belonged to the Antiguo Reino de Guatemala, in the occasion of the festive activities in honor of the proclamation the King Fernando VII.

Turismo virreinal

Director: Carlos Gálvez Peña (Universidad del Pacífico / Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú)

Se trata de una línea de investigación dedicada a fomentar estudios de pronta aplicación en la industria del turismo. Dada la heterogeneidad del patrimonio virreinal americano (artístico, textual, arquitectónico y, en buena cuenta cultural) se buscará fomentar el estudio orientado a crear contenidos de calidad para el turismo dirigido a las personas interesadas en descubrir la herencia virreinal de las naciones que en su pasado fueron sede o pertenecieron a los virreinatos (desde el siglo XVI hasta inicios del siglo XIX).

Actividades

  • Organización de congresos y seminarios para el sector turístico
  • Consultorías para el desarrollo de productos turísticos orientados al período virreinal

Travelers and Cartographers of the New World

Director: Ángel Pérez (Universidad del Pacífico)

The textual and cartographer invention in America studies from the first writings of the XV century to the elaborated narrations of the XVIII century. This research line, that also includes the recovery of texts, aims to retrieve the cultural heritage linked to the different spaces in the American viceroyalties.

Viajeros y exploradores del Noreste Novohispano / Travelers and explorers of the Northeastern Novohispanic Region

Researchers: Blanca López de Mariscal  y Paloma Vargas Montes (Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey)

It belongs to the program “Cultural Heritage”, a group whose main objective is the dissemination of a special collection kept by the Tecnológico de Monterrey, from a critical perspective, makes available to the specialist, a collection of editions and studies of the documentary funds guarded in the Biblioteca Cervantina and the Colección Ignacio Bernal. Due to the variety of this documentary funds about the history of the Noreste novohispano (Noreastern Hispanic Region) the efforts for research are concentrated, in a preliminary stage, on the establishment of a corpus of travel, conquest and colonization of the Septentrión Occidental Novohispano (Northwestern Novohispanic Region) in the XVI-XVII centuries /today states of Tamaulipas, Coahuila, Nuevo León and Texas now in the United States of America).

 Activities

  • Critical study of documents about the discovery and exploration of the Bahía del Espíritu Santo and the Bahía de Pensacola, Texas, XVIII century (2015-2016).
  • Safeguard edition and bilingual religious texts study of the missions of the Noreste Novohispano (Northeastern Novohispanic Region): notes for the recovery of coahuilteca and pajalate indigenous languages (2015-2016).