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Biblioteca Santiago de Cárdenas

  • Library of Santiago de Cárdenas , ()

    The eighteenth century gave birth to a celebrated character of the Peruvian history, whose memory has hardly survived until now, under the shadow of the Tradiciones peruanas (oral tradition stories) of Ricardo Palma, that called him “El Volador” (the flyer). This personage was Santiago de Cárdenas, native of Lima, ingenious...

  • Memories of Trévous, of various authors (1704-1771) ()

    The Memorias de Trévoux is a particularly curious work: it is an encyclopedic dictionary written collectively by the Jesuits, throughout most of the eighteenth century, in the city of Trévoux, where one of the most important Jesuits colleges was located. As an encyclopedia, it has a secular style different from...

  • Critical Universal Theatre, by Benino Jerónimo Feijoo (1726-1740) ()

    Feijoo is one of the most important Spanish Enlightenment authors of the eighteenth century. His work will have a deep impact in the Spanish society because it is a pioneer effort in Spain to make an encyclopedia that collects extensive information. This effort that was born in France some decades...

  • Historical Dictionary by Luis Moreri (1740) ()

    Louis Moreri was a French scholar of the seventeenth century, author of the historical Dictionary by which he became well known during the seventeenth and the eighteenth. His work was a forerunner of the encyclopedists, because it corresponded with the beginning of the Enlightenment. Like many authors before L'Encyclopédie, Moreri’s...

  • On the geodesic expedition of France , , (,)

    Santiago de Cárdenas clearly mentions the geodesic expedition of France between its references, information taken not from the authors work, but from the expedition itself. He explicitly names Charles-Marie de La Condamine, its French Director, as well as the Spanish scientists Jorge Juan and Antonio de Ulloa. Although the exact...

  • Espectacle of Nature, by Noël Antoine Abad de Pluche (1732) ()

    Abbot Pluche was a French ecclesiastic of the eighteenth century, especially known for his treatise on natural history El espectáculo de la naturaleza, to which Cardenas refers twice. This voluminous treatise, originally edited in eight volumes of nine volumes, was thought as an informative work rather than as a scientific...

  • Complete Anatomy of Man, by Martín Martínez (1728) ()

    Martin Martinez was a pioneer of modern science in Spain who lived in the seventeenth century. Doctor and philosopher, he served at the General Hospital of Madrid and directly to the monarch Felipe V. During his life he wrote various scientific and philosophical volumes, especially related to the human anatomy...

  • Anatomy, by Juan Bautista Juanini (1689) ()

    Juan Bautista Juanini was a Spanish doctor of the seventeenth century who dedicated himself to the investigation of scientific subjects related to anatomy, medicine and physical sciences. This first work that Cárdenas quotes, although it is an epistle, is around one hundred pages and is built up with the argument...

  • Physics,by Juan Bautista Juanini (1689) ()

    Juan Bautista Juanini wrote this volume, much more extensive with the format of a scientific treatise. Here he describes the physical understanding of different natural, earth and meteorological phenomena. This document is much more large and formal: it is a more complete reference to draw a deep understanding of the...

  • Mathematical Compendium, by Tomás Vicente Tosca (1707-1715) ()

    Tomás Vicente Tosca is perhaps the summit reference of Santiago de Cárdenas, because he was one of the most important Spanish intellectuals of the time. This mathematician and philosopher lived between the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, developing two important works, mathematics and philosophy, which became a fundamental part of the...

  • Skeptical Philosophy, Martín Martínez (1730) ()

    This treaty of Martinez constitutes a valuable source of information of the philosophical debate of the eighteenth century in Spain. The author elaborates this dissertation in a dialogue style, also used by Cardenas (maybe this was an inspiring source for Cárdenas).  Nevertheless in the case of Martinez, there are four...

  • The entity elucidated, by Antonio de Fuente la Peña (1676) ()

    Antonio de Fuentelapeña was a Capuchin friar of the seventeenth century, author of three particular writings in which he emphasizes the treatise on the existence of fantastic creatures, El ente dilucidado (The entity elucidated). This peculiar book deals with the existence of goblins and gnomes, among other imaginary creatures, discussing...